2.27.2015

People's Daily Commentator: Leading the Strategy of National Rejuvenation

——1. On coordinating the carrying forward of the "Four Comprehensives"


No mission is more glorious than guiding the rejuvenation of a nation. No cause is more noble than the solidarity of one billion people sharing a dream. 


This is a brand new beginning. In November 2012 the Party centre with Xi Jinping as its General Secretary took over the relay baton of history, continuing to plan the great cause of national rejuvenation on the path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics and on the basis of continuing the struggle of the Party and the People since the foundation of the New China, such a supreme honor.  "The Road To Revival" exhibition at the National Museum pursued the China Dream with single-hearted devotion. The major undertaking before the bronze statue of Deng Xiaoping in Lianhuashan, Shenzhen, made the tide of reform once more arise. The commemoration of the 1982 Constitution reiterated governing the country in accordance with the law, using political power in accordance with the law, thus modeling the spirit of the rule of law.  The diligent practice of the Eight Provisions, with those who are above leading those who are below, keeping one's words and holding fast to the lifeline.....In the first month, as the writing brush was being dipped in ink we were already advancing towards the beacon.  The strategy of the Four Comprehensives has clearly emerged over more than two years, from the 18th Party Congress' emphasis on the "comprehensive construction of a moderately prosperous society", to the 18th Party Congress Third Plenary Session's deployment of "comprehensively deepening reform", and again to the Fourth Plenum's demand to "comprehensively ruling the country in accordance with the law" and its pledge to "comprehensively strictly governing the Party", which summarized the Mass Line Education Campaign. 



The scroll of history always unfolding with great momentum and on a magnificent scale before a problem. A drop in per capita economic output; the challenge of enjoying a common prosperity after some people got rich first; the pressures of a transition under finite natural resources; the coming apart of innovation capability and the needs of development; the interlocking risks of domestic and foreign security; bearing heavy responsibility through a long struggle towards the goal of modernizing governance....General Secretary Xi Jinping has persisted in being problem-oriented and in thinking scientifically, proposing the strategy of the "Four Comprehensives", according to the overall situation and strategic vision of contemporary Chinese Communists; maintaining confidence in China; standing on the reality of China; summarizing the experience of China; in connection with the problems of China. The "Four Comprehensives" have been arrived at from the actual needs of our country's development. They have been arrived at from the warm anticipation of the People's masses. They have been arrived at by promoting the resolution of major contradictions and problems; they are based on the overall situation of governing the country; on capturing the crucial points of reform, development and stability; on leading China's general scheme of development; they establish the strategic direction of each item of work of the Party and of the state during the new situation, they are our main focus and our main target.



For the first time, the comprehensive construction of a moderately prosperous society has been set as "a crucial step in realizing the Chinese dream of a rejuvenation of the great Chinese nation". For the first time, the comprehensive goal of overall deepening reform has been set as perfecting and developing the Socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advancing the modernization of state governance systems and of the governing capability. For the first time, comprehensively ruling the country in accordance with the law has been discussed as the "companion volume" to comprehensively deepening reform, as the "two wings of a bird, and the wheels on both sides of the vehicle". For the first time, in order to demarcate the path of comprehensively strictly governing the Party, the demand has been posed to increase the systematicity, predictability, creativity and efficacy of strictly governing the Party, forging a stronger leading core for our cause. Each "comprehensive" is a set of integrated practices, which follows the past and heralds the future. It is an ideological system that dares to innovate and possesses unique characteristics. It is a theoretical glory that radiates dialectical materialism and historical materialism.  The "Four Comprehensives" complement one another and promote one another, they bring out the best in each other. They are the new creation whereby our Party's strategy of ruling the country keeps up with the times. They are a new leap in combining Marxism with Chinese practice.


Marx said: The degree to which theory matches practice in a state it is always determined by the degree to which theory satisfies the needs of the state.  The strategic ideology and the strategic deployment of the "Four Comprehensives" is the inevitable choice whereby China, after it has developed, it emphasizes the systematic, holistic, coordinated nature of development and governance even more.  Since more than two years, the planning of reform and development has been stable; each decision has advanced with unprecedented vigor; economic development has entered a new stage; a new chapter has been opened in advancing ruling the country in accordance with the law, in using political power in accordance with the law; in administration in accordance with the law; and fairness and justice have become the major focus of comprehensive moderate prosperity. Ruling the Party, ruling the country, ruling the army have been advanced; fighting corruption, advocating a clean government and pure ranks, a severe and disciplined work style condense popular feeling; planning internal affairs, diplomacy and national defense, a China Dream that resonates with a Asia-Pacific Dream and a World Dream.....in just little more than two years scientific planning and the coordinated advancement of major strategic decisions have changed the general situation, renewed the atmosphere, shaken the heart of the People. Practice amply proves that the "Four Comprehensives" are the strategic grip to uphold and develop the road, the theory and the institutions of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. 


“Since overall planning must be emphasized, so in pulling an ox one should pull its nose”. In the first Politburo collective study session of 2015, General Secretary Xi Jinping discussion of the fundamental principles and methodology of dialectical materialism showed the philosophical basis of the strategic layout of the "Four Comprehensives". “The Four Comprehensives” have a goal and action, an overall situation and their main points. Each "Comprehensive" has its major strategic significance. Development is a theme of our times and a common need of every country. Reform is the trend of the times and the motive power of social progress. The rule of law is the major guarantee of the system of state governance and of governing capability. Severely governing the Party is an inevitable demand of strengthening the construction of the Party in power. The four do not stand in a simple relation of juxtaposition, but exist in an organic connection, they are mutually linked in a top-down design. The main line of the "Four Comprehensives" - constructing a moderately prosperous society, letting the spirit of reform shine, strengthening rule of law thought, implementing strictly ruling the Party - delineates the future picture of Socialist China.


Often, only by standing on the ridges and peaks of history one can more clearly dissipate the clouds of the time, and more accurately keep the road ahead. Over the past 90 and more years, from the New Democratic Revolution, the Socialist revolution and construction has established the foundation of all development and progress in contemporary China. Until the crucial point when the decision on reform and opening up confirmed the destiny of contemporary China, opening up the wide road of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, many generations of Communists  relayed the process of exploration, and it is in here that their hardship lies, and it is in here that their majesty lies. The crucial point of the "Four Comprehensives" is upholding China's road, and increasing China's superiority. This strategic deployment is the unity of the great Dream of the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation; of the great cause of Socialism with Chinese characteristics; of the new great project of Party building; of the great struggle we are performing, and which has many new historical features. It balances both Chinese characteristics and the world trend; it embodies the deep interaction between China and the world; it has deepened the awareness of the regularities of the Communist Party in power, the regularities of the construction of Socialism, the regularities of the development of human society, and it is the crucial choice of China and the Chinese People as they stride towards the future. 

As we stand at the crossroads of history and future, a mightier journey unfolds before of us. Pursuing the cause of moderate prosperity, raising the mainsail of reform, walking the path of the rule of law, laying the foundation of political power is a difficult struggle, but it is also a bold march. As we walk along the road to rejuvenation, in the China of yesterday the strong pass of the enemy is like a wall of iron; in today's China, man's world is mutable; in tomorrow's China we will be heading to the sea in full sails, braving the wind and the waves.

People's Daily, 25 February 2015, page 1. 



人民日报评论员:引领民族复兴的战略布局
——一论协调推进“四个全面”




再没有什么使命,比引领一个民族走向复兴更光荣;再没有什么事业,比团结十几亿人民共圆梦想更崇高。
这是一个崭新的起点。2012年11月,以习近平同志为总书记的党中央接过历史的接力棒,在新中国成立以来党和人民接续奋斗的基础上,继续在中国特色社会主义道路上谋划民族复兴的伟大事业,续写这无上的光荣。国家博物馆,《复兴之路》展览中思接千载,追寻中国梦。深圳莲花山,邓小平铜像前再展宏图,激荡改革潮。纪念“八二宪法”颁行,重申依宪治国、依法执政,塑造法治魂。力行八项规定,以上率下言出必果,坚守生命线……履新第一个月,起笔落墨之际,前进航标已然确立。两年多来,从党的十八大强调“全面建成小康社会”,到党的十八届三中全会部署“全面深化改革”,再到党的十八届四中全会要求“全面依法治国”、党的群众路线教育实践活动总结大会宣示“全面从严治党”,“四个全面”战略布局清晰展现。
历史,从来都是在直面问题中展开其波澜壮阔的画卷。经济总量领先下的人均落后,先富起来之后的共富挑战,资源环境约束下的转变压力,创新能力与发展需求脱节,国内外安全风险叠加交织,治理现代化目标任重道远……习近平总书记坚持问题导向和科学思维,以当代中国共产党人的全局视野和战略眼光,坚定中国自信、立足中国实际、总结中国经验、针对中国难题,提出“四个全面”战略布局。这“四个全面”,是从我国发展现实需要中得出来的,是从人民群众的热切期待中得出来的,是为推动解决我们面临的突出矛盾和问题提出来的,立足治国理政全局,抓住改革发展稳定关键,统领中国发展总纲,确立了新形势下党和国家各项工作的战略方向、重点领域、主攻目标。
第一次将全面建成小康社会,定位为“实现中华民族伟大复兴中国梦的关键一步”;第一次将全面深化改革的总目标,确定为“完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度、推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化”;第一次将全面依法治国,论述为全面深化改革的“姊妹篇”,形成“鸟之两翼、车之双轮”;第一次为全面从严治党标定路径,要求“增强从严治党的系统性、预见性、创造性、实效性”,锻造我们事业更加坚强的领导核心。每一个“全面”,都是一整套结合实际、继往开来、勇于创新、独具特色的系统思想,闪耀着辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义的理论光辉。“四个全面”相辅相成、相互促进、相得益彰,是我们党治国理政方略与时俱进的新创造、马克思主义与中国实践相结合的新飞跃。
马克思说:“理论在一个国家实现的程度,总是决定于理论满足这个国家的需要的程度。”“四个全面”战略思想和战略布局,正是中国“发展起来以后”,更加注重发展和治理系统性、整体性、协同性的必然选择。两年多来,统筹改革发展稳定,各项举措力度空前,经济发展进入新常态;推进依法治国、依法执政、依法行政,社会主义法治体系建设破局开篇,公平正义成为全面小康的重要着眼点;推进治党治国治军,反腐倡廉纯洁队伍,正风肃纪凝聚人心;运筹内政外交国防,中国梦与亚太梦、世界梦同频共振……短短两年多时间,科学统筹、协调推进重大决策部署,让局面为之而变、气象为之而新、民心为之而振。事实充分证明,“四个全面”是坚持和发展中国特色社会主义道路、理论、制度的战略抓手。
“既要注重总体谋划,又要注重牵住‘牛鼻子’”。2015年中央政治局第一次集体学习,习近平总书记对辩证唯物主义基本原理和方法论的阐述,也是对“四个全面”战略布局哲学基础的揭示。“四个全面”,既有目标又有举措,既有全局又有重点,每一个“全面”都具有重大战略意义。发展是时代的主题和世界各国的共同追求,改革是社会进步的动力和时代潮流,法治是国家治理体系和治理能力现代化的重要保障,从严治党是执政党加强自身建设的必然要求。四者不是简单并列关系,而是有机联系、相互贯通的顶层设计。建成小康社会、焕发改革精神、增强法治观念、落实从严治党,“四个全面”的主线,勾绘出的是社会主义中国的未来图景。
很多时候,只有站在历史的峰峦之上,才能更清晰地洞察时代风云,更准确地把握前进方向。90多年来,从领导新民主主义革命、社会主义革命和建设,为当代中国一切发展进步奠定基础;到确定改革开放这一决定当代中国命运的关键一招,开辟中国特色社会主义广阔道路,几代共产党人接力探索的过程,如此艰辛,也如此壮阔。“四个全面”的关键就在于坚持中国道路、增创中国优势。这一战略布局,统一于民族复兴的伟大梦想,统一于中国特色社会主义伟大事业,统一于党的建设新的伟大工程,统一于我们正在进行的具有许多新的历史特点的伟大斗争。它兼顾中国特色和世界潮流,体现中国与世界的深刻互动,深化了对共产党执政规律、社会主义建设规律、人类社会发展规律的认识,是中国和中国人民阔步走向未来的关键抉择。
站在历史与未来的交汇点,更伟大的征程正在我们面前展开。谋小康之业、扬改革之帆、行法治之道、筑执政之基,这是一场艰苦的奋斗,也是一次豪迈的进军。行走在复兴之路上,中国的昨天,雄关漫道真如铁;中国的今天,人间正道是沧桑;中国的明天,直挂云帆济沧海。
《 人民日报 》( 2015年02月25日 01 版)