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9.17.2001

最高人民法院对执行《关于审理非法制造、买卖、运输枪支、弹药、爆炸物等刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》有关问题的通知 (失效)



最高人民法院对执行《关于审理非法制造、买卖、运输枪支、弹药、爆炸物等刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》有关问题的通知
(法〔2001〕129号)

各省、自治区、直辖市高级人民法院,解放军军事法院,新疆维吾尔自治区高级人民法院生产建设兵团分院:

  我院《关于审理非法制造、买卖、运输枪支、弹药、爆炸物等刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》(以下简称《解释》)公布施行后,地方各级人民法院陆续审理了一批非法制造、买卖、运输枪支、弹药、爆炸物等案件,对于推动“治爆缉枪”专项斗争的深入进行,维护社会治安秩序,发挥了积极作用。鉴于此类案件的社会影响较大,为准确适用法律,依法严厉打击涉枪涉爆犯罪活动,现就审理这类案件适用《解释》的有关问题通知如下:

  一、对于《解释》施行前,行为人因生产、生活所需非法制造、买卖、运输枪支、弹药、爆炸物没有造成严重社会危害,经教育确有悔改表现的,可以依照刑法第十三条的规定,不作为犯罪处理。

  二、对于《解释》施行后发生的非法制造、买卖、运输枪支、弹药、爆炸物等行为,构成犯罪的,依照刑法和《解释》的有关规定定罪处罚。行为人确因生产、生活所需而非法制造、买卖、运输枪支、弹药、爆炸物,没有造成严重社会危害,经教育确有悔改表现的,可依法免除或者从轻处罚。

  以上通知,请认真遵照执行。执行中如有问题,请及时报告我院。

                          2001年9月17日

1.01.2001

Art. 229. Provision of false certificates

Article 229. (Provision of false certificates)

Where a person of intermediary organizations, who is in charge of asset assessment and examination, certificate examination, accounting, auditing, legal services, and other duties, intentionally provides false certificates, and when the circumstances are serious, he is to be sentenced to not more than five years of fixed- term imprisonment or criminal detention, and a fine. Where a person stated in the preceding paragraph extorts money and goods from others or illegally accepts money and goods from others to commit the aforementioned crime, and when the circumstances are serious, he is to be sentenced to not more than five years of fixed-term imprisonment or criminal detention, and a fine.

Where a person stated in the first paragraph of this article is seriously irresponsible and causes serious consequences by issuing certificates greatly inconsistent with the facts, he is to be sentenced to not more than three years of fixed-term imprisonment or criminal detention, and may in addition or exclusively be sentenced to a fine.

Applies to the provision of false certificates, that will be used to obtain a credit card.

4, Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuracy explanation on some problems in handling criminal cases cases of jeopardizing the administration of credit cards 最高人民法院 最高人民检察院关于办理妨害信用卡管理刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释

Art. 280 - Forgery or alteration of official documents and certificates

Article 280. (Forgery or alteration of official documents and certificates)

Whoever forges, alters, trades, steals, forcibly seizes or destroys officials documents, certificates, or seals of state organs is to be sentenced to not more than three years of fixed-term imprisonment; when the circumstances are serious, the sentence is to be no less than three years but not more than 10 years of fixed-term imprisonment. Whoever forges seals of corporations, enterprises, institutions, or people’s organizations is to be sentenced to not more than three years of fixed-term imprisonment, criminal detention, control, or deprivation of political rights .


Whoever forges or alters citizens’ identification cards is to be sentenced to not more than three years of fixed- term imprisonment, criminal detention, control, or deprivation of political rights; when the circumstances are serious, the sentence is to be no less than three years but not more than seven years of fixed-term imprisonment.

Applies to the forgery, alteration or provision of documents, certificates or seals in order to obtain a credit card.

4, Supreme People's Court, Supreme People's Procuracy explanation on some problems in handling criminal cases cases of jeopardizing the administration of credit cards 最高人民法院 最高人民检察院关于办理妨害信用卡管理刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释