Size of the prison system: PRC figure


This information has been provided by public sources (the New Century Prison website). According to legislation on Managing Open Government Information, certain information about the prison system is to be made public. One of the channels through which this info is disseminated is the internet. In some cases information is to be disseminated only through the internet.

How many prisons (监狱) are there in China? Various estimates mention the existence of roughly 1.000 - 1.100 reform through labour camps (劳动改造场所). According to data collected and made public by laogai cadres, the number of prisons should be 580.

It is to be noticed that:

  • this data refers only to prisons (监狱). It does not include other kinds of detention facilities.
  • available estimates of the size of the prison system date back to the end of the 1990s. In the meantime, the system has been undergoing a reform process. This might also have involved the number of existing prisons.

This is the distribution of prisons by provinces