Dr. Yang's electroshock clinic

Dr. Yang Yongxi, a doctor at Linyi n. 4 People's Hospital (formerly known as Linyi mental hospital) Internet Addiction Treatment Clinic, has become a controversial figure due to his use of electroshock therapy to treat internet addictions.

Established in January 2006, the treatment clinic claims to have "cured" more than 3.000 young patients.

Until very recently, Dr. Yang was the pride of Linyi

Adoption of such an innovative therapeutic approach to addictions (irony meant) was recommended for further study by other hospitals. Articles about him were published on the websites of medical schools, whose leaders would visit Yang's treatment centre.

Commercials about his clinic were shown on local TV networks - you can watch one of them here. Yang provided treatment for what is considered a psychiatric pathology, pocketing a fee of 6.000 yuan for each patient.

Recently a whirlwind of controversy about him has been set off by foreign and Chinese media, as the Jinghua Shibao, Zhongguo Qingnianbao, netease, and even the China Daily (see article below). Yang, who has been working in psychiatric hospitals since the 1980s, may just be adopting on teenagers the same "therapies" he used on psychiatric patients.

Electroshock therapy given to young Net addicts
By Hu Yinan and Qin Zhongwei (

Electroshock therapy is being administered to youngsters at a controversial Internet addiction clinic where patients are "reborn".

More than 3,000 youths have been tricked or forced in to a four-month program run by Dr Yang Yongxin at a clinic in Shandong province. About 100 people are currently receiving treatment at the clinic.

Patients are given electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for breaking any of the center's 86 rules, including eating chocolate, locking the bathroom door, taking pills before a meal and sitting on Yang's chair without permission, the Information Times reported.

Parents or guardians sign a contract acknowledging that the child will be given ECT and pays 6,000 yuan (US$878) per month for treatment.

Details about the treatment were revealed online recently when a number of former patients began to write online about their experience.

According to the posts, the clinic administers continuous ECT in a current of up to 200 milliamperes.

Meanwhile, patients are forced to admit "wrongdoings" and those of others and are also instructed to kneel down in front of their parents to show obedience.

In addition, patients — known as "members of the alliance" at the clinic -- are not permitted to talk about anything other than overcoming their Internet addiction, numerous former patients write.

Most are found to be "cured" -- or "reborn" according to Yang — by simply "admitting" that they have overcome their addiction.

Internet addiction is not classified as a mental illness in China, a country with nearly 300 million Internet users, many of whom are adolescents who willingly indulge in endless hours of online games per day.

Depression, fainting, muscle weakness and twitching and anorexia have been listed as typical syndromes of Net addiction.

The government established the first Internet addiction treatment clinic in Beijing in 2004.

Today, all online game operators are required to install a "fatigue system" for players under 18 years, which is designed to restrict their play time to three hours a day. But analysts say there are too many ways to work around the rules.

Until recently, media reported on Yang's alleged "success". Liu Mingyin, a China Central Television reporter, called Yang "a fighter in the Third Opium War", framing the doctor's combat against Internet obsession as part of an ongoing war against "spiritual opium".

For his part, Yang views his acts as part of "a holy crusade" and says the electric current he applies to his "patients" is mild and "not dangerous".

What the youths receive at the clinic isn't really ECT, but a "refreshment therapy" that cautiously helps Net-addicted children calm down, says a story written in Yang's name and published online.

The chief publicity officer at Yang's hospital in Shandong's Linyi city, a mid-aged woman also surnamed Yang, said "the parents (who sent their kids in) can't be fools".

A mother surnamed Xu, whose 18-year-old son received ECT at the clinic, said she has been angered by negative reports about the clinic. "Compared with being on mind altering drugs for three months, electroshock is a safe and effective way to make my son calm and obedient," she said.

Tao Ran, director of the China's first Net addiction clinic, said that ECT is "the last resort" in treating people with severe depression who are suicidal.

"It'll make patients more submissive, no doubt. But at the same time, ECT will cause memory loss," Tao says, adding that Yang's clinic is "the only Net addiction clinic in the world that applies ECT to patients".

Tao's own center has treated more than 4,000 Net-addicted youths. Patients have "comprehensive therapy" that includes medication and psychological counseling.

About 30 percent of Internet addicted youngsters are hyperactive and uncontrollable in a family environment, Tao said.

They need treatment at a professional institution that does not administer ECT, he said.

Zhuo Xiaoqin, a public health expert with the China University of Political Science and Law, said it was wrong to link Internet obsession with mental illness.

"A consistent standard must be in place to determine what Internet addiction really is," he said.

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