Six Articles on Public Security (1967)

Some rules of the CCP CC and State Council on strengthening public security work during  the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

Zhongfa (67) 19 hao

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is a great democratic movement under the command of Mao Zedong thought and under the dictatorship of the proletariat, and has mobilized the broad masses’ revolutionary enthusiasm. The situation is very good. Without the dictatorship of the proletariat, it is not possible to put the great people’s democracy into practice. Public security organs are one important tool of proletarian dictatorship. It is necessary to adapt to the developmental needs of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, and use appropriate methods to strengthen dictatorship over the enemy, protect the People’s democratic rights, protect the great airing of opinions, the great freedom, big character posters and great debates and the ordinary performance of the great link-ups, protect the order of the proletarian revolution.

It is therefore ruled that:

1. Those current counter-revolutionary elements who are proved to have murdered, caused arson, poisoning, committed robbery, caused traffic accidents to commit murder, attacked prisons and institutions where criminals are placed under surveillance, maintained illicit relations with foreign countries, stealed state secrets, carried out sabotage and so on ought to be punished severely according to the law.

2. Sending counter-revolutionary anonymous letters, covertly or overtly putting up posters, spreading counter-revolutionary leaflets, writing counter-revolutionary slogans, shouting counter-revolutionary slogans to attack and slander the great leader Mao Zedong and his close comrade-in-arms Lin Biao are counter-revolutionary conducts and ought to be punished severely according to the law.

3. The revolutionary masses and revolutionary organizations, the left wing are to be protected and it is forbidden to resort to violence against them. Attacking revolutionary mass organizations, beating and detaining revolutionary masses are illegal conducts. Normally, criticism and education is carried out by party-state leaders and revolutionary mass organizations. Principal offenders who beat and kill revolutionary masses, hired thugs in grave circumstances and behind-the-scenes manipulators must be severely punished according to the law.

4. Landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and rightists, re-education through labour personnel and personnel employed at farms (factories) after release, back-bone elements of reactionary parties and groups, middle and small elements of reactionary secret societies and mediums, enemies and the puppet regime (company commandeer and above), government officials (bao head and above), police (superintendents and above), military policemen, secret agents, those who have served their sentence, elements who have been released from re-education through labour but have not been reformed, speculators, and relatives of counter-revolutionaries who have been killed, detained, placed under control or have fled, and who continue to keep a reactionary stance, as a rule are not allowed to take part to great link-ups, cannot change their name, counterfeit their history to worm their way into mass organizations, are not allowed to scheme and incite, and are furthermore not allowed to establish their own organizations. These elements must be dealt with severely according to the law whenever they commit acts of sabotage.

5. Whoever uses great democracy or uses other means to disseminate counter-revolutionary speeches is normally struggled against by the revolutionary masses. In grave [circumstances], public security departments must join the revolutionary masses to conduct a timely investigation. If necessary, discretion can be exercized in light of the circumstances.

6. Personnel of party, government, military and public security organs who distort the above rules, fabricate facts, and oppress the revolutionary masses must be investigated according to the law.

The above rules must be spread to the broad masses. The revolutionary masses are called to coordinate with and supervise public security organs in the performance of their duties, to protect the revolutionary order, and to guarantee the normal performance of duty by public security organs' personnel.

These rules can be posted broadly in cities and villages.

CCP CC, State Council

13 January 1967












中共中央, 国务院