10.27.2014

Supreme People’s Court Notice on [how] according to the law cases are no longer examined and approved by analogy



Supreme People’s Court Notice on [how] according to the law cases are no longer examined and approved by analogy


22 September 1997


Fafa [1997] 23

To Higher People’s Courts in Provinces, Autonomous Regions and Municipalities,
To Military Courts of the Liberation Army,

The amended Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China went into force on 1 October 1997. Regarding the problem of the use of analogy on cases heard after 1 October 1997, but occurred before [this date], it is hereby notified [that]:

  1. After 1 October 1997, People’s Courts at each level are no longer to file analogy cases with this Court, as stipulated by article 79 of the Criminal Law before its amendment.

  1. Analogy cases filed before 30 September 1997 which will not be approved by 1 October shall be respectively be decided according to different circumstance, in accordance with the stipulations of article 3 of the amended Criminal Law. Conducts that according to the Criminal Law before the amendment had to be convicted by analogy, must not be convicted if the amended Criminal Law does not deem them as crimes. Conducts that according to the Criminal Law before the amendment had to be convicted by analogy and are deemed as a crime by the amended Criminal Law are to be punished in accordance with article 12 of the amended Criminal Law if prosecuting criminal responsibility is necessary.

  1. From 1 October 1997, People’s Courts at each level shall adjudicate cases occurred after 30 September 1997, and for which according to the Criminal Law before the amendment conviction by analogy was necessary, according to provisions of article 2 of the present Notice.


Editor’s note: this Notice was vacated on 8 April 2013




最高人民法院关于依法不再核准类推案件的通知
 (1997年9月22日 法发[1997]23号)


各省、自治区、直辖市高级人民法院,解放军军事法院:
  修订后的《中华人民共和国刑法》于1997年10月1日起施行。现就1997年10月1日以后审理此前发生的适用类推案件的有关问题,通知如下:
  一、1997年10月1日以后,各级人民法院一律不再适用修订前的刑法第七十九条的规定向我院报送类推案件。

  二、1997年9月30日以前已经报送但在10月1日前尚未核准的类推案件,应当根据修订后的刑法第三条的规定,分别不同情况作出处理:对于按照修订前的刑法需要类推定罪,修订后的刑法没有规定为犯罪的行为,一律不得定罪判刑;对于按照修订前的刑法需要类推定罪,修订后的刑法也规定为犯罪的行为,如需追究刑事责任的,应适用修订后刑法第十二条的规定处罚。

  三、1997年10月1日以后,各级人民法院审理发生的1997年9月30日以前,按照修订前的刑法需要类推定罪的案件,应当按照本通知第二条的规定办理。